ꯆꯩꯁꯤꯡꯂꯣꯟ ꯍꯥꯏꯕꯁꯤ ꯆꯩꯁꯤꯡ ꯃꯌꯦꯛꯄꯨ ꯀꯨꯞꯊꯅ ꯅꯩꯅꯕ ꯑꯃꯁꯨꯡ ꯆꯩꯁꯤꯡ ꯃꯌꯦꯛ ꯁꯤꯡꯒꯤ ꯍꯣꯡꯕ ꯅꯥꯏꯗꯔꯕ ꯀꯥꯡꯂꯣꯟ ꯀꯌꯥ ꯑꯗꯨꯕꯨ ꯀꯨꯞꯊꯅ ꯅꯩꯅꯕꯅꯤ ꯫ ꯃꯁꯤ ꯏꯪꯂꯤꯁ ꯂꯣꯟꯗ ꯃꯦꯊꯃꯦꯇꯤꯛꯁ(mathematics) ꯍꯥꯏꯅ ꯈꯪꯅꯩ ꯃꯁꯤ ꯊꯥꯏꯅꯒꯤ ꯒ꯭ꯔꯤꯛ(Greek:μάθημα) ꯋꯥꯍꯩ μάθημα(máthēma) ꯍꯥꯏꯕꯁꯤꯗꯒꯤ ꯂꯧꯔꯛꯄꯅꯤ ꯃꯁꯤ knowledge, study, learning ꯍꯥꯏꯕꯅꯤ ꯫ ꯆꯩꯁꯤꯡꯂꯣꯟ ꯍꯥꯏꯕꯁꯤꯗꯥ quantity(number theory)mathematical structure algebra space geometry ꯑꯁꯤꯅꯆꯤꯡ ꯍꯤꯔꯝ ꯀꯌꯥꯕꯨ ꯅꯩꯅꯕ ꯇꯝꯕ ꯂꯥꯇꯝꯅꯤ ꯫

Greek mathematician Euclid (holding calipers), 3rd century BC, as imagined by Raphael in this detail from The School of Athens (1509–1511)
A page from al-Khwārizmī's Algebra